Meeks Furniture Makers

American Rococo carved and laminated rosewood etagere, mid‑19th century, attributed to J. and J.W. Meeks, New York

p4A ItemID F7986578
American Late Classical bronze‑mounted rosewood and gilt pier table with slate top, circa 1830, attributed to J. & J.W. Meeks, New York

p4A ItemID F7986576
American Rococo carved and laminated rosewood sofa, mid‑19th century, attributed to J. & J.W. Meeks, New York, in the pattern commonly referred to as "Hawkins"

p4A ItemID F7986207
American Late Classical mahogany sofa, circa 1835, attributed to J. & J.W. Meeks, New York

p4A ItemID F7986184

Meeks Furniture Makers

The Meeks family firm had been in business at least forty years in New York by the time that Belter and Hunzinger arrived on the island of Manhattan. This furniture making company went through four distinct phases, always successful and always in family hands. Joseph Meeks (born in New York or New Jersey) ran the company from 1797 to 1828 under his own name, his two sons joined him from 1829 to 1835 (Joseph Meeks & Sons), the sons took over the business from 1836 to 1859 (J. and J.W. Meeks, for John and Joseph W.), and then from 1859 to 1869 it was run by Joseph Meeks’s grandson and then closed.

It is worth noting that this firm, unlike Belter’s or Hunzinger’s, earned its fame simply by providing well-built, moderately priced furniture. The Meeks firm did not pride itself on innovation, patents or setting the style of the day. Rather, they gave the public what it wanted when it wanted it. This strategy kept them in business through many stylistic changes for seventy-two years.

The third period, when Joseph W. and John ran the firm, is when it expanded most rapidly with clients from north to south. The Meeks firm was a clear competitor to Belter’s, and their products were often, but not exclusively, in the Rococo Revival style. Although it is difficult to generalize, Meeks furniture typically has fewer layers of lamination than Belter produced pieces, and the silhouette can be more pointed, rather than rounded. Many scholars believe that many pieces attributed to Belter are in fact Meeks. Because the Meeks name is somewhat less known than Belter in the general market, a labeled Meeks piece will almost certainly bring less than a labeled Belter, although quality may be comparable.

Nineteenth Century New York was then – as it is now – the style capital of the United States, and there was room for all comers. The German immigrants, bringing their innovative production techniques and an eye for European style, were well represented by John Belter and George Hunzinger. The Meeks firm was a worthy, home grown competitor to these innovators.

Reference note by p4A.com Contributing Editor Jan W. Hack


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