Hermaphrodite Brig – definition

A gouache painting of the Hermaphrodite Brig Alfrata by Michele Funno

p4A ItemID C203667
Sailing ship diorama, carved ships and sea with painted background, America, 19th century

p4A ItemID D9789625
Charles Sidney Raleigh (Massachusetts, 1830 to 1925), an oil on canvas painting, portrait of the Hermaphrodite Brig ELIZA STEVENS

p4A ItemID D9689501
Reuben Chappell (Goole, Yorkshire, England, 1870 to 1940), an oil on canvas ship portrait of the Hermaphrodite Brig Lizzie Lee of Goole

p4A ItemID D9679947

Hermaphrodite Brig

A hermaphrodite brig, or brig-schooner, is a two-masted sailing ship whose foremast is fully rigged with square sails while rigged with fore-and-aft sails on the mainmast. It combines the two main types of sail plan, hence the term hermaphrodite.

The hermaphrodite brig is distinguished from a brigantine in having exclusively fore-and-aft sails on the mainmast, while the brigantine has one or more square sails on the main topmast, above a gaff rigged main-course, or spanker. This brig is classified in the family of schooners and is often called a square sail schooner.
Referenence note by p4A editors, July 2010.

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