Eugene Fleischer Stirrup Cup Collection Provenance-Freemans 5-21-13

The Eugene & Lucille Fleischer Collection of English and Continental Stirrup Cups

The collection of hundreds of stirrup cups assembled by Eugene Fleischer is as fine and comprehensive as any likely to be encountered. Renowned for his ceramic collections (his fine collection of Staffordshire and other 18th and 19th century English ceramics was sold to acclaim by Freeman’s in 2007), Eugene Fleischer gathered these stirrup cups over several decades, during visits to England and [...] Click here to continue reading.


Shakudo Definition

Shakudo – Definition

Shakudo is the Japanese term for a copper and gold alloy consisting of 2% to 7% gold and the remainder copper. This alloy can then be treated to achieve a blue-black color sometimes resembling lacquer. It was historically used to make and/or decorate Japanese swords. Contemporary jewelry makers have revived the use of shakudo for its unusual and beautiful coloring.

p4A editorial staff, March 2013


Collection of Kathryn and James Abbe, Jr. Provenance Note-Keno 1-22-2013

Collection of Kathryn and James Abbe, Jr.

James Abbe, Jr. and his wife Kathryn had identical passions in life. Both had established careers in photography and shared an enthusiasm for art and antiques; their interests meshed perfectly – antiques, old buildings and photography. Mr. Abbe’s particular interest in American folk art was first stirred in the 1930s when he saw the Museum of Modern Art’s pioneer folk art show; even retaining the catalogue as [...] Click here to continue reading.


Geyer Family Collection of Tiffany Masterworks

Geyer Family Collection of Tiffany Masterworks

Over a span of 40 years, Burton and Paula Geyer have assembled one of the finest private collections of works by Tiffany Studios, with a special emphasis on museum-quality lamps and fancy goods. Starting in Brooklyn as schoolteachers, Mr. and Mrs. Geyer were enthusiastic collectors of Tiffany Studios works early on, often buying pieces on installment plans from top galleries. They learned from many of the pioneers of [...] Click here to continue reading.


The Collection of Mr. and Mrs. James Grievo – Provenance-Pook May 2012

The Collection of Mr. and Mrs. James Grievo, Stockon, New Jersey

It all started around 1971. Just home from college and having a difficult time finding a job, I started going to house tag sales where I would find small interesting things to sell to antique dealers. It was something I really enjoyed doing, and 1 was amazed I was making real money for the first time. I soon realized that this was [...] Click here to continue reading.


Collection of Carl and Joyce Mueller, Tallmadge, Ohio-Provenance Note-Garths

The Lifetime Collection of Carl & Joyce Mueller, Tallmadge, Ohio

“For over one half century, we have collected – lived with – and enjoyed antiques”.

Carl spent over fifty years in the commercial radiator business started by his father in 1920. Joyce is a retired elementary public school teacher. Our first collecting passion was for Edwardian era antique automobiles and mechanical music (music boxes, automaton, orchestrion, etc.) Shortly after our marriage in [...] Click here to continue reading.


Chinese Furniture Woods

Chinese Furniture Woods

Chinese furniture uses many types of wood that are not only known by their Chinese names, but also share their Chinese names with several other types of wood, so confusion may easily result. The three most valued types of wood are huali, zitan, and jichimu.

Huanghuali A member of the rosewood family, huali is a tropical hardwood that grows in China with a wide range of hues, and whose Chinese [...] Click here to continue reading.


Birch, William Russell – English/American Artist

William Russell Birch (1755 to 1834)

William Russell Birch, born in Warwick, England on April 9, 1755, was an accomplished artist known for his engravings and enamel portraits. Today, his work is in the collections of major museums. Birch’s training and career coincided with the so-called golden era of miniature painting of the eighteenth century. In England, miniature enamel portraits and other objects of pictorial art, stylistically resembling easel painting, became the leading form [...] Click here to continue reading.


Qing Dynasty

Note: Chinese names of cities and individuals appear first in Pinyin. Traditional or Wade-Giles versions, where available, follow in parenthesis.

The Golden Years of the Qing Dynasty: The Ming Dynasty Crumbles

By the middle of the 16th century, the once brilliant Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) was in decline. Beset by external threats in the form of piracy on the coast and the aggressive Mongol nomads to the north, conditions were made worse by inept [...] Click here to continue reading.


Chinese Dynastic Chronology

Chinese Dynastic Chronology

Note: In general, the p4A reference database uses the Pinyin naming convention system for Chinese Terminology. Where the name varies under the Wade-Giles system p4A will present that alternative in brackets. For example: Qing [or Ch'ing] Dynasty.

Neolithic Period, circa 6500 to 1700 BC

Xia Dynasty, circa 2100 to 1600 BC

Shang Dynasty, circa 1600 to 1100 BC

Zhou [or Chou] Dynasty, circa 1100 to 256 BC Western Zhou, circa 1100 [...] Click here to continue reading.


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